Creamed, canned and frozen_ how the great depression revamped u. s. diets _ the salt _ npr

Andy Coe: Now when people eat spaghetti, people know that as in Italy, it has to be al dente, like cooked, let’s say, nine minutes or something like that, so it’s still a little bit crunchy. Homemade pasta sauce for toddlers But this spaghetti you were supposed to cook for 25 minutes. Easy homemade spaghetti sauce from scratch So already we’re starting out with the mushy texture. Tomato pasta sauce recipe jamie oliver And then you boiled carrots until they’re incredibly soft, and then you make white sauce, which was the sauce which is poured over everything for budget meals during the Great Depression.

Pasta sauce homemade recipe It’s a mixture of milk, flour, salt and either butter or margarine, with maybe a little bit of pepper. White sauce recipe for pasta by sanjeev kapoor So it’s like a thick and creamy sauce, and you mix all these ingredients into a tray and bake it, and you have a kind of like thick, mushy, bland casserole. Tomato pasta sauce with hidden veg recipe Bland is really the operative word here. Making a cheese sauce for pasta It does not have much flavor, and it wasn’t really supposed to have much flavor. Homemade pasta sauce canning What it was was a vehicle for nutrition and nutrients, but it wasn’t supposed to make you excited about food.

During the Depression it became apparent that not only poor kids but kids that came from formerly middle-class families suddenly were hungry.

Ziegelman: This was the New York school lunch service. Recipe for easy homemade spaghetti sauce These were foods that were prepared in one central location and then shipped across the city in heated trucks — so it’s a logistically crazy operation — and when your truck arrived, well this is what you would have … Recipe sauce for pasta for instance, every Tuesday, [there was] pea soup without milk; Italian spaghetti with onion and tomato sauce; white rolls, buttered. Homemade spaghetti sauce from scratch using fresh tomatoes For dessert, chocolate pudding served with milk. Homemade healthy pasta sauce You’ll notice that milk comes up again and again in these menus, because of the tremendous importance that nutritionists placed on milk.

On Friday you would have a lima bean and barley soup; jam or fish sandwich on whole-wheat bread; creamed carrots with peas or creamed cabbage or mashed turnips; vanilla cornstarch pudding and chocolate sauce.

Ziegelman: One of the travesties of the period is that all of those home economists did not look to America’s immigrant communities for inspiration. Homemade spaghetti sauce from scratch fresh tomatoes If they had, they would’ve found a gold mine of highly nutritious, highly economic foods, that also taste fantastic. How to make homemade tomato pasta sauce But for a whole variety of reasons, cultural and culinary, they never took that opportunity. Homemade pasta tomato sauce …

Coe: The food that Italian immigrants ate was certainly cheap and delicious and highly nutritious. How to make easy homemade pasta sauce I just think of the Italian immigrant women in New York City and wherever else they lived; during the early spring the dandelion greens would start coming up in the parks in the vacant lots. Homemade pasta sauce easy And they would go out and collect dandelion greens, take them home, and saute them in a little olive oil. Homemade tomato pasta sauce with fresh tomatoes … Healthy homemade pasta sauce You want vitamins, there’s a great source of vitamins! … Homemade mushroom sauce for pasta They didn’t eat much meat because meat was expensive, but they had great pasta dishes, which were very good, filled with flavor and filled with nutrients. Quick homemade pasta sauce It’s tragic that we didn’t look to their example for foods to eat during the Great Depression, but that wasn’t “science,” and also that was “un-American.”

Ziegelman: Spicy foods were [considered] stimulants. Homemade tomato pasta sauce recipe They were classified as stimulants, so they were on that same continuum along with caffeine and alcohol all the way up to cocaine and heroin. Homemade pasta sauce simple And if you started with an olive, you might find yourself one day addicted to opiates. White sauce recipe for pasta easy It put you on a very slippery slope — watch out for olives!

Andy Coe and Jane Ziegelman are married culinary historians. Homemade pasta sauce from canned tomatoes Coe is the author of Chop Suey: A Cultural History of Chinese Food in the United States. Homemade pasta sauce giada Ziegelman is the author of 97 Orchard Street: An Edible History of Five Immigrant Families.

Coe: One of the things about the people who were overseeing food relief and the home economists, one of their beliefs was that the blandness wasn’t bad because “nobody was ever killed by monotony.” They were killed by not having enough nutrients, and if it didn’t taste good … Homemade tomato pasta sauce fresh tomatoes They didn’t want people to be too excited by the budget foods, because they wanted to force people to get jobs and to earn enough money to buy spices and seasonings. Homemade tomato sauce pasta … Best homemade pasta sauce from scratch When they were handing out relief boxes, they deliberately didn’t add such things as mustard and vinegar with the relief boxes, because they didn’t want people to become too happy with receiving food relief.

Ziegelman: This infatuation that we have with food that’s fresh, just off the farm and crisp and sweet, that didn’t really hold much water for Depression-era cooks who were more entranced with modern, frozen foods. Easy homemade spaghetti sauce for canning That was the miracle food! And canned foods that came in every variety and which, according to the advertisers, were made from better ingredients that were actually fresher than the fresh food that you bought at the grocery store. Homemade pasta sauce with olive oil So things were a little bit turned on their heads. Homemade white pasta sauce from scratch There were people during the Depression who were beginning to recognize that. Rose sauce for pasta recipe And you can see toward the end of the 1930s, the beginnings of what we might call the kind of fresh, local and regional food movement.